presents a thoroughly researched and tightly argued
case, along the way redefining the "Scotch snap", the rhythmic device
often cited as the backbone of ragtime and Afro-American music in
general, and clarifying certain misconceptions about African music
which might have led to confusion in analyzing its influence on Joplin.
The overview of African music is well-summarized and convincing, and
there is a definitive discussion of the idea of "syncopation" ( a term
irrelevant to African music, as Lems-Dworkin shows) as it has been
applied to ragtime. ..."
- Butch Thompson The Mississippi Rag